Asentamientos informales y espacio urbano: accesibilidad, estructuras de oportunidades y adversidades. Una aproximación en base a estudio de casos

Informal settlements and urban space: accessibility, opportunity structures and adversities. An aproach based on case studies

   In a descriptive and comparative way, this article analyzes a set of informal settlements in the city of Posadas (Argentina), emphasizing not only the socio-housing and habitat conditions, but also the structures of opportunities associated to the place of life within of the urban space in which they reside. We depart from the assumption that the location in the space works as an structure of opportunities directly affecting residents’ living standards. Thus, the immediate environment might facilitate or not the access to various externalities, such as goods and services and the participation in certain activities and social processes. Thereby, beyond the habitat conditions, the study explores the structural constraints of urban policies, in relation to the conditions of existence that the residents are going through. In addition, it puts in focus of analysis the practices (individual and / or collective) that they develop to overcome the daily difficulties.

   Keywords: urban space - opportunities structure - habitat - informal settlements

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